Facts That You Must Know About Kargil War
We all know that India has a vast and tremendous past where we see how India got freedom from Britishers fought many battles and wars. One of them is Kargil War between India and Pakistan .19 years ago that the Indian Army recaptured all the Indian posts in Kargil which were illegally occupied by Pakistan and positions held by Pakistani Army, from the July 26 has been observed annually to commemorate the sacrifices made by soldiers in this war. Here Path Finder Defence Academy is sharing you all information that you need to know about the Kargil war
- According to the reports and other sources the conflict is believed to had been planned by the then Pakistan army chief General Pervez Musharraf without the knowledge of the then Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
- Kargil war took place between May and July of 1999 in Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir.
- It was started with the infiltration of Pakistani forces and terrorists into Indian territory.
- The Pakistani forces and terrorists got positions for themselves in key locations that gave them a strategic advantage during the start of the conflict.
- Based on information the Indian Army was able to ascertain the points of incursion and launch “Operation Vijay”.
- Indian Army declared the mission as successful on 26th July 1999, from then onwards this glorious day is celebrated as Kargil Vijay Diwas.
- Every war has a loss of life so victory came at a high price. The official death on the Indian side was 527 where on Pakistan side who were at the strategic location it was between 357 to 453.
- Due to strategic locations Pakistani soldiers and terrorists had positioned themselves at higher locations altitudes, which was giving them an advantage in war, from where they could easily target Indian forces.Two Indian fighter jets while another fighter jet crashed during the operation.
- Pakistan also asked the US to intervene, but then-President Bill Clinton declined due to which Pakistani troops were withdrawn from the Line of Control.
- As Pakistani troops withdrew, the Indian armed forces attacked the rest of the outposts, managing to get back the last of them by July 26.
- Later on, the Indian government increased its defense spending on the budget presented the year after the Kargil war. India developed indigenously satellite and missiles dedicatedly for Indian Defence forces. Also, modern weapons were inducted.
- Captain Anuj Nayyar, 17 JAT Regiment, Mahavir Chakra, Posthumous
- Major Rajesh Singh Adhikari, 18 Grenadiers, Mahavir Chakra, Posthumous
- Captain Haneef-u-din, 11 Rajputana Rifles, Vir Chakra, posthumous
- Major MariappanSaravanan, 1 Bihar, Vir Chakra, Posthumous
- Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav, 18 Grenadiers, ParamVir Chakra
- Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey, 1/11 Gorkha Rifles, ParamVir Chakra, Posthumous
- Captain VikramBatra, 13 JAK Rifles, ParamVir Chakra, Posthumous (In pic)
- Rifleman Sanjay Kumar, 13 JAK Rifles, ParamVir Chakra
- Squadron Leader Ajay Ahuja, Indian Air Force, Vir Chakra, Posthumous
- HawaldarChuniLal, 8 JAK LI, Vir Chakra. Also awarded Sena Medal for gallantry and posthumously awarded Ashok Chakra as a NaibSubedar.