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Gallantry Awards in India

Know about the Gallantry Awards in India
 
Every defence aspirant or every Indian must have heard about Gallantry awards which is presented for valor, courage and dignity . These are given to personnel of the forces for their bravery. After 26th Jan 1950 three Gallantry awards namely Param Vir Chakra, Mahavir Chakra and Vir Chakra were instituted by the government of India.
The Gallantry Awards are announced twice in a year- on the occasion of the Republic Day and then on occasion of the Independence Day. The awards are below:
  • Param Vir Chakra
  • Ashoka Chakra
  • Mahavir Chakra
  • Kirti Chakra
  • Vir Chakra
  • Shaurya Chakra
The selection process for giving out Gallantry Awards is as follows :
The Ministry of Defence invites recommendations twice in a year from the Armed Forces and Union Ministry of Home Affairs for Gallantry Awards.These recommendations are invited normally in the month of August for the awards to be announced on the occasion of the Republic Day.In other words, for the awards to be announced on the occasion of the Independence Day, the recommendations are invited in the month of March.
 
Know about the process:
In the Armed Forces, selection for the Gallantry Award is initiated by the Unit  and if the recommendations are found fit then it is forwarded to respective Services Headquarters duly recommended by Commanders in the chain immediately after the act of gallantry is performed.
After this all these proposals are sent to the Awards Committee at Services Headquarters before recommending the proposals to the Ministry of Defence with the approval of the respective Chiefs.
The recommendations in respect of civilian citizens other than Defence personnel are received from the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) and the process is different.
Know about the Selection criteria for Awards:
 
Param Vir Chakra,Maha Vir Chakra & Vir Chakra
 
Param Vir Chakra is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valor or self-sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.
Maha Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air.
Vir Chakra is awarded for acts of gallantry in the presence of the enemy, whether on land or at sea or in the air.
Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra & Shaurya Chakra 
Ashoka Chakra is awarded for most conspicuous bravery or some act of daring or pre-eminent act of valor or self-sacrifice otherwise than in the face of the enemy.
Kirti Chakra is awarded for conspicuous gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy.
Shaurya Chakra is awarded for gallantry otherwise than in the face of the enemy
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